By Warren D. TenHouten
Founded upon the psychoevolutionary theories of Darwin, Plutchik and Izard, a normal socioevolutionary conception of the sentiments - affect-spectrum thought - classifies a large spectrum of the feelings and analyzes them at the sociological, mental and neurobiological levels.
This neurocognitive sociology of the sentiments supersedes the most important theoretical views built within the sociology of feelings via exhibiting basic feelings to be adaptive reactions to basic difficulties of existence that have developed into common social relationships and which may are expecting occurrences of the total spectrum of basic, advanced secondary, and tertiary emotions.
Written through best social theorist Warren D. TenHouten, this booklet offers an encyclopaedic type of the feelings, describing forty-six feelings intimately, and featuring a normal multilevel concept of feelings and social lifestyles. The scope of insurance of this key paintings is extremely topical and entire, and contains the improvement of feelings in early life, symbolic elaboration of complicated feelings, feelings administration, violence, and cultural and gender changes. whereas basic feelings have in actual fact outlined valences, this conception exhibits that advanced feelings obey no algebraic legislations and that each one feelings have either inventive and damaging potentialities.
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Additional info for A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life
Second, fear and disgust have nearly opposite physical manifestations, nausea and a slowing of the heart in disgust, but a pounding heart in the case of fear (Levenson 1994). And third, the accompanying facial expressions are markedly different: in fear, there are raised eyebrows and a tense mouth (Ekman and Friesen 1975), whereas in disgust the upper lip is raised and the nose wrinkled. Thus disgust and fear are markedly different, so that sadness, not disgust, should be placed adjacent to fear.
Territoriality is also a universal problem of life. Each organism must establish a territory that “belongs” to it on some level, a safe place that provides for nourishment and other needs. A territory is ordinarily deﬁned by its boundaries, which different kinds of animals mark in various ways. Human territory can be possessed or owned by an individual or a collectivity, and can comprise social spaces, including both private and public places, in which an individual feels comfortable and at home.
Happiness is the most general positive emotional sentiment, comprising an evaluation of signiﬁcant aspects of life, and of life as a whole. The happy person evaluates his or her overall situation in life as basically both right and good (Averill and More 2004). Layard (2003) deﬁnes happiness as “feeling good – enjoying life and feeling it is wonderful. And by unhappiness I mean feeling bad and wishing things were different” (p. 4). He adds that happiness and unhappiness are not separate dimensions, but different points along a continuum.
A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life by Warren D. TenHouten