By Christopher A. Shields
Considering 1980, prosecutors and safety legal professionals dealing with federal terrorism trials have constructed politicized thoughts and counter options specific to terrorism trials, and people suggestions have had an important impression on case results. additionally, case results have been certainly impacted by way of proactive coverage adjustments applied within the wake of Sept. 11. development on structural contextual thought and the hydraulic impression, Shields unearths that once prosecutors count much less seriously on hugely politicized prosecution techniques, conviction charges elevated. actually, his findings point out that the extra prosecutors politicize a case, the much more likely the case is going to trial, expanding the percentages of acquittal.
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Extra resources for American Terrorism Trials: Prosecutorial and Defense Strategies
The latter two variables also include ordinal level variables (government agents = infil_assist; confidential informants = infor_assist) that indicate what kind of information was provided. Those variables were coded in ascending order: information only =1; recordings =2; sworn testimony = 3; and, recordings & sworn testimony = 4. 11. 12. Like the existence of witnesses, the strength of physical evidence available to a prosecutor is also an important factor that shapes how cases are resolved. Champion (1989) found that 34 percent of prosecutors would intensify punitive severity when they believed they The American Terrorism Study 43 had strong evidence.
For analyses comparing pre-9/11 defendants to post-9/11 defendants, individuals indicted in 2001 were eliminated (n=27). Of the remaining indictees (N=679), those who were indicted in 2000 or before were coded 0, whereas indictees indicted in cases filed in 2002 or after were coded 1. 02 presents the size of the pre- and post-9/11 samples. Total counts is an ordinal level variable and measures the total number of counts filed against each defendant. The range for the data set is 1 count to 652 counts.
For example, LaFree (1980) found that plea bargain rates were affected by evidentiary variables: as the number of witnesses available to the prosecutor increases, so does the probability of a guilty plea. g. Harris and Springer, 1989; Emmelman, 1996). Albonetti (1990), however, found that an increase in the number of eyewitnesses exerted a negative effect on guilty pleas. The PADS database includes variables measuring three different types of witnesses common in many terrorism cases: the defendant who turns state’s evidence, the unindicted group member who works as a confidential informant, and; the federal law enforcement officer who infiltrates the group as an undercover agent.
American Terrorism Trials: Prosecutorial and Defense Strategies by Christopher A. Shields