By Marshall Cavendish Corporation
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The writer lays out the early Ptolemaic tax process, describes the adjustments within the capitation taxes throughout the reign of Ptolemy II, discusses the opposite nation and temple sales, after which reconstructs the prosopography and provenance of thirty-nine tax payers whose names happen usually in those preliminary reviews.
The papyri of Egypt provide a wealthy and complicated photo of this crucial Roman province and supply an extraordinary perception into how a Roman province truly labored. additionally they find the money for a priceless window into old monetary habit and way of life. This learn is the 1st systematic remedy of the function of land delivery in the fiscal lifetime of Roman Egypt, a daily fiscal job on the middle of the economic climate not just of Egypt yet of the Roman global.
Employing fabric spanning 3000 years, this e-book examines childbirth within the Biblical and Babylonian global. It follows the mummy and baby from perception to weaning, reading various various texts and issues. It offers with the vicissitudes and strategies of labour and supply, supply with magical vegetation and amulets, and with criminal matters on the subject of abortion or to the legal responsibility of the wet-nurse.
As the actual provenance of this perfect gold jewellery within the J. Paul Getty Museum is unknown, the secret of precisely what it's needs to be solved. Why are those wonderful adorns referred to as Greek gold? How will we understand they have to were produced in Egypt in the course of Hellenistic instances, the interval that coincides with the Ptolemaic dynasty?
Extra resources for Ancient Egypt and the Near East: An Illustrated History
ANCIENT EGYPT AND THE NEAR EAST In this wall painting from the tomb of Tutankhamen, the pharaoh is welcomed into the land of the gods by the goddess Nut. tion of a great hall for the temple of Amon at Karnak, and in the city of Abydos, he built a magnificent temple of white limestone (decorated with delicately painted reliefs), dedicated to himself and the god Osiris. He was succeeded by his son Ramses II. Ramses II (ruled 1279–1213 BCE) continued his father’s attempts to regain control of parts of Africa and western Asia that had been held by Egypt in previous centuries.
The Late period Egypt remained under Nubian rule for almost 50 years, and it was a time of internal peace and prosperity. However, the might of Assyria had been growing since the ninth century, and in 671 BCE, the Assyrian king Esarhaddon invaded Egypt and took Memphis. For the next several years, campaigns were fought on Egyptian soil between Assyrians and Egyptian kings, but problems at home eventually forced the Assyrians to withdraw, leaving Psamtik I to inaugurate the 26th dynasty (664–525 BCE).
THE SUMERIANS Despite the grandeur of his reign, it was not Gudea but Utuhegal (ruled 2116–2112 BCE), king of Uruk, who succeeded in winning full independence from the Gutians. He inflicted a crushing defeat on the Gutians, not only annihilating the Gutian army but also destroying the boats in which the tribesmen had made their surprise raids. Freed from the Gutian scourge, southern Mesopotamia soon recovered from the economic paralysis caused by the invaders, and a feeling of Sumerian national pride emerged again.
Ancient Egypt and the Near East: An Illustrated History by Marshall Cavendish Corporation