New PDF release: Animal Behavior (Natural History Library)

By John Paul Scott

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Extra info for Animal Behavior (Natural History Library)

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Other more specializedterms which are sometimesused are "nurturant behavior," applied to rearing the young, and "succorant behavior," the giving of help to a distressedindividual. Care-soliciting behavior (et-epimeletic behavior). After the young blackbirds are hatched,they begin to show some of the major patternsof behavior themselves,and one of the first of theseis ingestivebehavior. Along with this they begin to do things which are not characteristicof adults-making cheeping noises and holding their headsup in the ar with gaping beaks.

If you poke a dog with a billiard cue, he may do a variety of things, one of which is to turn around and bite the cue. He may even run around and bite you on the 10 ANIMAI- BEIIAVIOR Icg, leading to ccnsiderableeonfusion in the experiment. considerablv greater than that to which you pushed him with the cue. In no case does he react like the billiard ball, the motion of which is the resultant of all the forces which act upon it. An organism is not simply pushed around by a number of forces. It attempts to adjust and adapt to change, and the amount of physical force exerted may have very little to do with the kind of reaction that is produced.

Chapter2 THE ELEMENTS OF BEHAVIOR: METHODS OF STUDY In studying the behavior of any animal we first concentrate our attention on the kind of responsesit gives to its environment. To state this as a scientific principle, the primary phenomenon to be studied in the science of animal behavior is behavior itself. The most important thing about an animal is what it does; and when we have described this, it is possible to go ahead and analyze the environmental changes which cause it to act, the structural and physiological peculiarities which modify its behavior, and the various social and individual consequencesof its reactions.

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Animal Behavior (Natural History Library) by John Paul Scott

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